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Next-gen steel under the microscope

17-Mar-2017

Next-generation steel and metal alloys are a step closer to reality, thanks to an international research project involving a University of Queensland scientist. The work could overcome the problem of hydrogen alloy embrittlement that has led to catastrophic failures in major engineering and ...

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Optical fingerprint can reveal pollutants in the air

New method of detecting molecules with sensors based on ultra-thin nanomaterials

17-Mar-2017

More efficient sensors are needed to be able to detect environmental pollution. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have proposed a new, sophisticated method of detecting molecules with sensors based on ultra-thin nanomaterials. The novel method could improve environmental sensing in ...

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Researchers develop groundbreaking process for creating ultra-selective separation membranes

17-Mar-2017

A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has developed a groundbreaking one-step, crystal growth process for making ultra-thin layers of material with molecular-sized pores. Researchers demonstrated the use of the material, called zeolite nanosheets, by making ultra-selective ...

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New electron source for materials analysis

16-Mar-2017

How can solar cells be made more efficient? How can solar and wind energy be best stored for later use? Technologies for the transformation of the German energy sector (Energiewende) require tailor-made materials which are both affordable and efficient. One important tool in the search for such ...

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Small nanoparticles have surprisingly big effects on polymer nanocomposites

10-Mar-2017

Polymer nanocomposites mix particles billionths of a meter (nanometers, nm) in diameter with polymers, which are long molecular chains. Often used to make injection-molded products, they are common in automobiles, fire retardants, packaging materials, drug-delivery systems, medical devices, ...

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Detecting Mercury with Gold

Individual gold nanorods could be used to develop smaller, portable mercury sensors

09-Mar-2017

Mercury is harmful even in small amounts. Detecting it currently requires expensive equipment. Researchers are working on a faster and cheaper alternative: a portable sensor that can perform a rapid analysis in the field. The key is finding something small and accurate enough to do the job.For ...

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Biophysicists propose new approach for membrane protein crystallization

08-Mar-2017

A team of scientists from the Laboratory for Advanced Studies of Membrane Proteins at MIPT, Research Center Jülich (Germany), and Institut de Biologie Structurale (France) have developed a new approach to membrane protein crystallization. For the first time, the scientists showed that membrane ...

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System automatically detects cracks in nuclear power plants

20-Feb-2017

A new automated system detects cracks in the steel components of nuclear power plants and has been shown to be more accurate than other automated systems. "Periodic inspection of the components of nuclear power plants is important to avoid accidents and ensure safe operation," said Mohammad R. ...

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Using a simple, scalable method, a material that can be used as a sensor is developed

16-Feb-2017

Erlantz Lizundia, a researcher in the UPV/EHU's department of Physical Chemistry and expert in cellulose, started the research during a period of time he spent in Canada. The research group he was in specialised in the helix-shaped organisation of a product extracted from cellulose, cellulose ...

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Turning up the heat for perfect (nano)diamonds

15-Feb-2017

Quantum mechanics, the physics that governs nature at the atomic and subatomic scale, contains a host of new physical phenomena to explore quantum states at the nanoscale. Though tricky, there are ways to exploit these inherently fragile and sensitive systems for quantum sensing. One nascent ...

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