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Revolutionizing electronics using Kirigami

12-Dec-2017

A research team in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Information Engineering and the Electronics-Inspired Interdisciplinary Research Institute (EIIRIS) at Toyohashi University of Technology has developed an ultrastretchable bioprobe using Kirigami designs. The Kirigami-based bioprobe ...

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Physicists propose a new method for monitoring nuclear waste

Scenarios for using neutrino detectors in nuclear interim storage facilities

07-Dec-2017

New scientific findings suggest neutrino detectors may play an important role in ensuring better monitoring and safer storage of radioactive material in nuclear waste repository sites. Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have made calculations to ascertain the ...

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Nature's toughest substances decoded

05-Dec-2017

How a material breaks may be the most important property to consider when designing layered composites that mimic those found in nature. A method by Rice University engineers decodes the interactions between materials and the structures they form and can help maximize their strength, toughness, ...

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Harnessing the rattling motion of oxygen ions to convert T-rays to visible light

01-Dec-2017

Scientists have successfully visualized terahertz radiation, popularly known as T-rays, using a crystal called mayenite (Ca12Al14O33). Their method cleverly utilizes the rattling motion caused by the vibration of oxygen ions inside the cage-like structures of the crystal. In recent years, there ...

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Watching atoms move in hybrid perovskite crystals reveals clues to improving solar cells

23-Nov-2017

A team of researchers led by the University of California San Diego has for the first time observed nanoscale changes deep inside hybrid perovskite crystals that could offer new insights into developing low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells. Using X-ray beams and lasers, researchers studied how a ...

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New X-ray spectroscopy explores hydrogen-generating catalyst

23-Nov-2017

Using a newly developed technique, researchers from Japan, Germany and the U.S. have identified a key step in production of hydrogen gas by a bacterial enzyme. Understanding these reactions could be important in developing a clean-fuel economy powered by hydrogen. The team studied hydrogenases - ...

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Clever use of mirrors boosts performance of light-sheet microscope

21-Nov-2017

Using a simple "mirror trick" and not-so-simple computational analysis, scientists affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have considerably improved the speed, efficiency, and resolution of a light-sheet microscope, with broad applications for enhanced imaging of live cells and ...

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Google provides open source library for quantum chemistry

Platform-independent solution to integrate future developments

26-Oct-2017

Since physicists have been dealing with the theoretical description of molecules, the solving of quantum mechanical equations has been a major obstacle. This is supposed to be a thing of the past with the release of an open source based system. Google has introduced such a system to the public ...

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A detailed look at 2-D structure of turbulence in tokamaks

17-Oct-2017

A key hurdle for fusion researchers is understanding turbulence, the ripples and eddies that can cause the superhot plasma that fuels fusion reactions to leak heat and particles and keep fusion from taking place. Comprehending and reducing turbulence will facilitate the development of fusion as a ...

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Seeing the next dimension of computer chips

11-Oct-2017

A research collaboration between Osaka University and the Nara Institute of Science and Technology for the first time used scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to create images of atomically flat side-surfaces of 3D silicon crystals. This work helps semiconductor manufacturers continue to innovate ...

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