564 Current news about the topic spectroscopy

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Cellphone converts into powerful chemical detector

With only $50 worth of components, an ordinary cellphone transforms into a sophisticated scientific instrument, capable of identifying chemicals, drugs, and pathogens

07-May-2021

Scientists from Texas A&M have developed an extension to an ordinary cellphone that turns it into an instrument capable of detecting chemicals, drugs, biological molecules, and pathogens. The advance is reported in Reviews of Scientific Instruments, by AIP Publishing. Modern cellphones include ...

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Uniquely sharp X-ray view

For the first time, it is possible to look inside materials with a resolution down to individual atoms

26-Apr-2021

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have succeeded for the first time in looking inside materials using the method of transient grating spectroscopy with ultrafast X-rays at SwissFEL. The experiment at PSI is a milestone in observing processes in the world of atoms. The structures on ...

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Doping by athletes could become tougher to hide with new detection method

Ion mobility-mass spectrometry to detect known dopants and newly created illicit steroids not yet known

12-Apr-2021

As the world awaits the upcoming Olympic games, a new method for detecting doping compounds in urine samples could level the playing field for those trying to keep athletics clean. Scientists report an approach using ion mobility-mass spectrometry to help regulatory agencies detect existing ...

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It's snowing plastic

New technique detects minute particles of plastics in snow, rain and even soil

22-Mar-2021

The snow may be melting, but it is leaving pollution behind in the form of micro- and nano-plastics according to a McGill study that was recently published in Environmental Pollution. The pollution is largely due to the relatively soluble plastics found in antifreeze products (polyethylene ...

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Demystifying the 'Parkinson Protein'

Research team succeeds in directly observing the membrane binding of α-synuclein in living cells

11-Mar-2021

The protein α-synuclein is one of the most abundant proteins in the human brain. It is often referred to as the "Parkinson protein", as deposition of this protein in brain cells is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease. Despite the high interest of biomedical research in the protein, many questions ...

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Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in Space and Time

"We believe that our findings represent a crucial breakthrough towards the goal of tracing electrons through chemical reactions in space and time"

22-Feb-2021

In textbooks and explanatory videos, they are often depicted as colourful balloons or clouds: electron orbitals provide information on the whereabouts of electrons in molecules, a bit like fuzzy snapshots. In order to understand the exchange of electrons in chemical reactions, it is not only ...

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Metabolism: Researchers first to shed light on structure of huge enzyme complex

A new method has enabled the natural structure of particularly large and complex enzymes to be revealed

11-Feb-2021

Scientists at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and TU Berlin have published their findings in the journal "Cell Reports". They investigated a multi-enzyme complex that plays an essential role in metabolism and have discovered that it functions differently than previously thought. ...

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New ion trap to create the world's most accurate mass spectrometer

Higher accuracy for biological samples and complex mixtures

01-Feb-2021

Mass spectrometers are widely used to analyze highly complex chemical and biological mixtures. Skoltech scientists have developed a new version of a mass spectrometer that uses rotation frequencies of ionized molecules in strong magnetic fields to measure masses with higher accuracy (FT ICR). The ...

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Detect neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's by a simple eye scan?

Milestone on the way to early diagnostics: Researchers use spectroscopic means to decipher the biochemical composition of the retina

27-Jan-2021

Diagnosing Alzheimer's disease through a non-invasive eye scan long before symptoms appear: a European research team involving Leibniz IPHT has come one step closer to achieving this goal. Using a laser-based method, the researchers have succeeded in discriminating between healthy and Alzheimer’s ...

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A massive advance in spectrometry

Study results may lead to more accurate medical, biological, and chemical tests

21-Jan-2021

Mass spectrometers (MS) have become essential tools in chemistry and biology laboratories. The ability to quickly identify the chemical components in a sample allows them to take part in a diverse array of experiments, including radiocarbon dating, protein analysis, and monitoring drug ...

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