19 Current white paper about the topic proteins

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Field-Flow Fractionation - The Universal Separation Principle for Particle and Macromolecule Characterization

22-09-2010

High molecular weight polymers, bio molecules or particles in a range of a few nanometers up to several microns are more and more important in science and technology. Many applications are based on the specific properties of these materials. For this reason, an exact knowledge of the molar mass or particle sizes distribution is essential for later application as well as for optimization of the production processes or quality control. In addition the knowledge about the chain structure of macromolecules or biopolymers as well as about the shape of particles is often necessary. For this reason those samples, which often can be very complex systems, have to be separated according to parameters such as e.g. hydrodynamic volume or molecular weight. After the separation process the resulting narrow dispersed fractions are detected with different techniques....

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Automated Dynamic Light Scattering

09-11-2009

DLS analysis is a widely applied, non-invasive method for measuring the effective size of molecules in solution. This technique yields valuable information for the characterization of molecules and particles. It facilitates formerly laborious and time consuming measurements, e.g. screening for aggregates or determining optimal crystallization conditions for proteins. The Wyatt Plate Reader is the instrument of choice for any application where molecular size, stability and aggregation are of interest. It reads industry standard microplates with up to 1536 samples automatically and temperature-controlled, if desired. The applications of the technique are wide ranging and include many of the fastest growing areas of research - proteins, biomaterials, liposomes and micelles as well as the established uses for particle sizing and aggregation detection. Conscious of the numerous characterization challenges in the area of drug delivery systems and therapeutic antibodies...

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Homogeneous IgG AlphaLISA® assay performed on BMG LABTECH's PHERAstar Plus

Z' value of 0.92 indicates a highly robust assay combined with high quality instrumentation

27-04-2009

Immunoglobulins or antibodies are proteins that are involved in the immune response. That makes them interesting drug targets. This application note shows the detection of the immunoglobulin IgG using an AlphaLISA® assay performed on BMG LABTECH's PHERAstar Plus. The AlphaLISA® technology utilizes oxygen to start a cascade of chemical reactions resulting in a luminescence signal at 615 nm. Sensitivity and Z´values obtained in different plate formats are presented....

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Predictor(TM) hERG Fluorescence Polarization Assay Kit performed on the PHERAstar/PHERAstar Plus

28-08-2008

The potential for cardiotoxic side-effects continues to challenge the development of small molecule based therapies. These intolerable side-effects are often precipitated by drug-induced long QT syndrome (LQT), which is often linked to blocking the human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) potassium channel. Although patch-clamp electrophysiology remains the gold standard for determining the interaction of compounds with the function of the hERG channel, radioligand displacement assays have proven to be a cost-effective initial alternative assay for hERG channel liability at early stages of compound development....

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High sensitive detection of follistatin by Imperacer®: an initial study on the way to analytical gene-doping tests

08-05-2008

For the understanding of interactions in the muscle-growth directing myostatin-pathway and therefore also for the establishment of high sensitive detection strategies for gene-doping, detailed studies of protein concentration levels in biological matrices and appropriate highly sensitive analytic techniques for quantitative monitoring of these biomarkers are required. In this work, the development of a high sensitive assay for follistatin based on the Imperacer® technology is described. The quantification limit in human serum was found at 60 pg/ml in only 6 µl sample volume. With this initial assay we demonstrate the first application in a set of analytical tests for a high sensitive myostatin pathway related profiling....

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Molecular Probes® NanoOrange® Assay Performed on BMG LABTECH FLUOstar OPTIMA Microplate Reader

08-05-2008

The field of proteomics has expanded dramatically in recent years with research on a whole host of organisms. Techniques such as two dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D DIGE) require the accurate quantitation of protein, as up to three labelled samples can be loaded on a single gel for comparison. Assay methods for determining protein quantitation include absorbance at 280 nm(1), the Bradford assay(2), Lowry assay(3), BCA method(4) and more sensitive assays such as Fluoroprofile® (Sigma-Aldrich) and NanoOrange® (Molecular Probes®)5()....

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Enzymatic Protein Digest for Mass-spectrometric Analysis

26-09-2007

The main focus in proteomic studies is on the identification of proteins in given biological samples. Proteins isolated and separated from a given sample (e.g., whole cell lysates, blood or tissue, protein complexes) by immunoprecipitation or affinity chromatography or two-dimensional electrophoresis must be proteolytically cleaved in the course of sample preparation for identification and characterization. A reproducible cleavage pattern of digested proteins is a prerequisite for the unambiguous identification of these proteins by mass spectrometry (MS)....

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Efficient Transfection of Primary Human Skeletal Myoblasts Using FuGENE® HD Transfection Reagent

26-09-2007

Transfection of cells is one of the main techniques used to influence gene expression. Most primary cells and human skeletal myoblasts (SkMC) in particular are very difficult to transfect, whereas for cell lines such as C2C12, many suitable transfection reagents and protocols are available. Few publications report successful transfection of human primary myoblasts using non-viral systems [1,2,3]. These methods include cationic lipids such as phosphono­lipids, electroporation, and a combination of liposome and adenoviral associated proteins. But transfection efficiency is low and often is a compromise between toxicity of the reagents and transfection efficiency....

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Ultrafast De Novo Sequencing of Corynebacterium urealyticum Using the Genome Sequencer 20 System

22-08-2007

A microbial genome sequence provides a wealth of data and specific information that cannot be obtained by other experimental approaches. A genome sequence can be regarded as the starting point for detailed bioinformatics analysis, metabolic reconstruction and systematic functional examination of all identified genes. In particular, genome sequencing has revealed important information on genes and deduced proteins of human pathogens, including putative virulence factors and potential new drug targets....

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Epitope Mapping Using the In Vitro Rapid Translation System RTS 100

21-08-2007

The Rapid Translation System (RTS) represents a cell-free system that allows efficient production of protein from linear DNA sequences. This article gives a brief outline of the use of the RTS technology in linear epitope mapping and shows its promise for reducing time-consuming cloning and cell-lysis steps....

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