88 Current news about the topic genomes

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New sequencing reveals genetic history of tomatoes

16-10-2014

An international team of researchers, led by the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing, published in the journal Nature Genetics a brief genomic history of tomato breeding, based on sequencing of 360 varieties of the tomato plant. The C.M. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Center at UC ...

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Fly genome could help us improve health and our environment

15-10-2014

The house fly might be a worldwide pest, but its genome will provide information that could improve our lives. From insights into pathogen immunity, to pest control and decomposing waste, the 691 Mb genome has been sequenced and analyzed by a global consortium of scientists, and is published in ...

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No excess baggage: Antarctic insect's genome, newly sequenced, is smallest to date

Researchers suggest bare-bones genome is adaptation to deep freeze

14-08-2014

Scientists who sequenced the genome of the Antarctic midge suspect the genome's small size – the smallest in insects described to date – can probably be explained by the midge's adaptation to its extreme living environment. The midge is a small, wingless fly that spends most of its two-year ...

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GENALICE and deCODE Genetics enter into a partnership for population wide genomic analysis

28-07-2014

GENALICE announced it is partnering with deCODE Genetics to facilitate the large-scale testing of its unique DNA data processing software solution, GENALICE MAP. After a first successful round of evaluating GENALICE MAP on speed and quality, both parties agreed to extend the evaluation to include ...

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Scientists find trigger to decode the genome

17-06-2014

Scientists from The University of Manchester have identified an important trigger that dictates how cells change their identity and gain specialised functions. And the research, published in Cell Reports, has brought them a step closer to being able to decode the genome. The scientists have found ...

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Going global

Stowers team reports genome-wide analysis of genes that drive cell division in a multicellular organism

04-04-2014

In textbooks, the grand-finale of cell division is the tug-of-war fought inside dividing cells as duplicated pairs of chromosomes get dragged in opposite directions into daughter cells. This process, called mitosis, is visually stunning to observe under a microscope. Equally stunning to cell ...

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Tracing how the embryo takes over

07-03-2014

Embryonic development is initially controlled by maternal genetic information stored in the egg. LMU researchers now describe a methodology that allows the succeeding activation of the zygotic genome to be mapped at high resolution. In multicellular organisms, the earliest steps in embryonic ...

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New sequencing tools give up close look at yeast evolution

23-01-2014

The baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been associated with human activities for thousands of years, being the primary biological agent in baking, brewing, winemaking and other fermentation processes. It is also one of the most important model organisms in molecular biology and genetics ...

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Neandertal genome project reaches its goal

High-quality Neandertal genome provides novel insights into human origins

20-12-2013

An international research team led by Kay Prüfer and Svante Pääbo of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, has determined a high-quality genome sequence of a Neandertal woman. The genome allows detailed insights into the relationships and population history ...

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New tool enhances the search for genetic mutations

27-08-2013

Concealed within the vastness of the human genome, (comprised of some 3 billion base pairs), mutations are commonplace. While the majority of these appear to have neutral effect on human health, many others are associated with diseases and disease susceptibility. Reed Cartwright, a researcher at ...

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