94 Current news about the topic genomes


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Ultrashort cell-free DNA reveals health of organ transplants


When cells die, whether through apoptosis or necrosis, the DNA and other molecules found in those cells don't just disappear. They wind up in the blood stream, where degraded bits and pieces can be extracted. This cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is degraded due to its exposure to enzymes in the blood but ...


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Watching 'jumping genes' in action

Real-time observation of transposon activity in living cells


"Jumping genes" are ubiquitous. Every domain of life hosts these sequences of DNA that can "jump" from one position to another along a chromosome; in fact, nearly half the human genome is made up of jumping genes. Depending on their specific excision and insertion points, jumping genes can ...


Neanderthals may have been infected by diseases carried out of Africa by humans


A new study suggests that Neanderthals across Europe may well have been infected with diseases carried out of Africa by waves of anatomically modern humans, or Homo sapiens. As both were species of hominin, it would have been easier for pathogens to jump populations, say researchers. This might ...


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Study highlights need for better characterized genomes for clinical sequencing


A new study that assesses the accuracy of modern human-genome-sequencing technologies found that some medically significant portions of an individual's DNA blueprint are situated in complex, hard-to-analyze regions that are currently prone to systematic errors. These genes and gene segments lie ...


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The Number One of Enterobacteria Deciphered

Genome of the Escherichia coli type strain finally sequenced — DNA includes potentially pathogenic segments


The colon bacillus Escherichia coli is one of the best studied model organisms in the life sciences. However, the reference organism for this species, its so-called type strain, has been overlooked in microbial genomics until now. In the “Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea” (GEBA) ...


GENALICE and Knome form strategic partnership to empower rapid NGS data interpretation


GENALICE and Knome, Inc. USA jointly announced a strategic partnership to offer their products together as a turn-key solution for those using next-generation sequencing (NGS) data to interpret patients’ genomes. GENALICE MAP is an ultra-fast and highly accurate preprocessing solution for ...


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New sequencing reveals genetic history of tomatoes


An international team of researchers, led by the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing, published in the journal Nature Genetics a brief genomic history of tomato breeding, based on sequencing of 360 varieties of the tomato plant. The C.M. Rick Tomato Genetics Resource Center at UC ...


Fly genome could help us improve health and our environment


The house fly might be a worldwide pest, but its genome will provide information that could improve our lives. From insights into pathogen immunity, to pest control and decomposing waste, the 691 Mb genome has been sequenced and analyzed by a global consortium of scientists, and is published in ...


No excess baggage: Antarctic insect's genome, newly sequenced, is smallest to date

Researchers suggest bare-bones genome is adaptation to deep freeze


Scientists who sequenced the genome of the Antarctic midge suspect the genome's small size – the smallest in insects described to date – can probably be explained by the midge's adaptation to its extreme living environment. The midge is a small, wingless fly that spends most of its two-year ...


GENALICE and deCODE Genetics enter into a partnership for population wide genomic analysis


GENALICE announced it is partnering with deCODE Genetics to facilitate the large-scale testing of its unique DNA data processing software solution, GENALICE MAP. After a first successful round of evaluating GENALICE MAP on speed and quality, both parties agreed to extend the evaluation to include ...


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