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Clearing the way for real-world applications of superhydrophobic surfaces

Researchers call for consistent and standardized testing of superhydrophobic materials.

12-Apr-2016

Agreeing on a unified testing method is needed to allow community-wide comparison between published results. This would significantly progress development of superhydrophobic materials and their transfer to commercial products in, for instance, self-cleaning and anti-icing ...

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Neanderthals may have been infected by diseases carried out of Africa by humans

12-Apr-2016

A new study suggests that Neanderthals across Europe may well have been infected with diseases carried out of Africa by waves of anatomically modern humans, or Homo sapiens. As both were species of hominin, it would have been easier for pathogens to jump populations, say researchers. This might ...

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Neuronal structures associated with memory sprout in response to novel molecules

Drug candidates protect neurons against damage from substance implicated in Alzheimer's disease

12-Apr-2016

Chemists at the University of California San Diego have designed a set of molecules that promote microscopic, anatomical changes in neurons associated with the formation and retention of memories. These drug candidates also prevent deterioration of the same neuronal structures in the presence of ...

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Atoms Chat Long Distance

11-Apr-2016

In an international first, a research team of experimental physicists led by Francesca Ferlaino and theoretical physicists led by Peter Zoller has measured long-range magnetic interactions between ultracold particles confined in an optical lattice. Their work, published in Science, introduces a ...

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New predictive tool for assessing breast cancer risk

Levels of molecular marker Ki67 in healthy breast tissue predicts a woman's risk of developing breast cancer

11-Apr-2016

Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) and collaborators at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have identified a molecular marker in normal breast tissue that can predict a woman's risk for developing breast cancer, the leading cause of death in ...

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Optical approach offers faster and less expensive method for carbon dating

New highly sensitive spectroscopy method could offer on-site carbon dating and greenhouse gas measurements

08-Apr-2016

Researchers from Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), within Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy have demonstrated a new compact spectroscopic instrument that offers a highly sensitive optical method for detecting radiocarbon dioxide concentration, which can be used to carbon date ...

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ORNL tracks how halogen atoms compete to grow 'winning' perovskites

08-Apr-2016

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a potential path to further improve solar cell efficiency by understanding the competition among halogen atoms during the synthesis of sunlight-absorbing crystals. Photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight directly ...

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A movie of the microworld: Physicists create nanoparticle picture series

07-Apr-2016

Think of it as a microscopic movie: A sequence of X-ray images shows the explosion of superheated nanoparticles. The picture series reveals how the atoms in these particles move, how they form plasma and how the particles change shape. The method of taking these pictures is a collaborative ...

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Researchers develop a control algorithm for more accurate lab-on-a-chip devices

06-Apr-2016

Prof. Wan Kyun Chung with PhD student Young Jin Heo, MS student Junsu Kang, and postdoctoral researcher Min Jun Kim in the Robotics Laboratory at POSTECH, Korea, have developed a novel control algorithm to resolve critical problems induced from a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller ...

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Endress+Hauser Completes Takeover of Analytik Jena

Remaining minority shareholders receive cash compensation

05-Apr-2016

Swiss measurement and automation engineering specialist Endress+Hauser has completed the takeover of analytical instrumentation provider Analytik Jena. The remaining minority shares of Analytik Jena were legally transferred to Endress+Hauser on 30 March 2016 following the entry of the transfer ...

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