Smart and portable medical equipment is essential for fast and easy point-of-care and point-of-use diagnostics. Lab-on-a-chip applications in hand-held devices can help to save time for laboratory medical analysis in emergency scenarios. The combination of sub-micrometer-thick light emittin ... more
Organic photodiodes – more economical detectors for the NIR region
Image sensor based on organic photodiodes on silicon in typical camera application. Background: NIR image.
The Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP will be introducing a new generation of organic photodiodes on silicon substrates (OPD-on-silicon) during the SEMI European Imaging & Sensors Summit 2017.
Optical sensors are pervasive. Domestic life as well as the industrial environment are hard to imagine without them. For example, digital cameras using CMOS detectors have been indispensable vacation companions for many years, while in industry they serve as a simple and economical solution for automated image processing (such as in quality control applications, remote presence and position recognition and counting in conveyor systems, and object recognition in warehousing logistics). They can also be employed in medical engineering for diagnostic image processing. There are many future applications in the field of autonomous vehicles that are already foreseeable today.
Conventional silicon-based CMOS imagers are limited to a restricted wavelength region for fundamental technological reasons. They are usually set to the visible segment of the spectrum. If you want to detect light in the near-infrared (NIR), however, hybrid solutions such as combinations of indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs) with CMOS are usually resorted to. Nevertheless, the manufacture of these kinds of hybrid solutions is considerably more costly and more prone to defects than fabrication using standard CMOS processes. This is where organic photodiodes offer an alternative. The organic layers can be integrated simply at wafer level and are therefore economical. Simultaneously, they also may have high sensitivity outside the visible wavelength region, depending on the system of materials selected.
The Fraunhofer FEP has extensive experience in integrating organic layers on CMOS wafers. Diverse OLED microdisplays (high-resolution, low power, embedded image sensors, ...) as well as sensors for fingerprint, flow, and photoelectric sensing applications have already been developed and fabricated.
“We will be debuting an organic photodiode array with SVGA resolution at SEMI European Imaging & Sensors Summit 2017. That means 800 × 600 pixels available for detection applications”, explains Philipp Wartenberg, head of the IC and System Design department at Fraunhofer FEP. “We have demonstrated that it is fundamentally feasible to fabricate a high-resolution organic photodiode matrix at this order of magnitude. It is sensitive at wavelengths up to 1,000 nanometers. We are able to develop customer- and application-specific organic photodiodes with optimized properties for the concrete application through appropriate adaption of material.”
The demonstrated image sensors were fabricated completely at wafer-level and therefore already under near-production conditions. With its extended region of sensitivity, the imager can be employed over the entire bandwidth of conventional applications in industry, automobiles, and medicine. They could be used for quality control of foodstuffs, as fingerprint sensors, and in biomedical tests, for example.
The scientists are now making the new technology available to industrial partners in order to jointly develop and produce optimized organic photodiodes and arrays as image sensors for their respective applications.
- organic electronics
- optical sensors
Researchers at the Technische Universität Dresden and the Fraunhofer FEP are developing a novel type of an ultra-tiny spectrometer that fits into your mobile phone. The novelty here are metallic nano-antennas for harvesting, filtering and amplifying of incoming photons. In addition, thin-fi ... more
- 1A sensor for the most important human cancer gene
- 2Scientists capture colliding organic nanoparticles on video for first time
- 3Eurofins expands its presence in India
- 4Symcel secures €3.6 million Horizon 2020 Phase II grant
- 5Manganese-based MRI contrast agent may be safer alternative to gadolinium-based agents
- 6Hummingbird Diagnostics and Saarland University Collaborate in Early Disease Detection Based on Molecular Markers
- 7New imaging technique peers inside living cells
- 8Computer program finds new uses for old drugs
- 9Clever use of mirrors boosts performance of light-sheet microscope
- 10Water world